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FROM 1ST July 2021- NEW TDS PROVISION ON PURCHASES OF GOODS (Section 194Q)

A new provision of TDS is coming into force on the purchase of ‘goods’ with effect from 1st July 2021, under which the buyer of the goods has to deduct TDS from his seller at a certain percentage on the purchase of the goods. You will remember that last year the provisions of TCS on sale of goods came through section 206(C)(1H) and the provisions of TDS of 194Q are very similar to the provisions of these TCS. The buyer who has to deduct TDS and value of transaction on which deduction is to be made is clearly mentioned in the Section 194Q which we will see in this study.

Let us study these provisions under section 194Q applicable to TDS on Purchases of Goods from July 1, 2021 and let us try to understand what are these new provisions and whether there is any relation these provisions have with section 206(C)((1H) introduced last year only with respect to TCS on sale of Goods. We will also analyze that there may be a similarity which may have practical significance also. In some situations, there may be overlapping because in some situations both the provisions are applicable on a single transaction and this situation is really creating confusion in the mind of the taxpayers.

Let us try understand in very simple language the provisions of TDS of section 194Q on the purchase of goods with effect from July 1, 2021 so that these provisions can be followed after proper understanding of the same.

1. Section 194Q is applicable to which buyers: –

The section 194Q of TDS is applicable only to those buyers whose turnover, gross receipt or sales in the previous year was more than Rs.10 crores hence in the financial year ended on 31st March 2021, the buyers whose turnover was more than Rs.10 crore in that year, they have to deduct TDS from their resident seller on the purchase of above Rs.50 lakh in the current financial year 2021-22. This TDS is to be deducted on the balance amount leaving the first Rs 50 lakh per seller and it is applicable from 1st. July 2021,

Therefore, if the turnover of a buyer is less than Rs.10 crore in the year ended March 31, 2021, he does not have to comply with this provision in current financial year, thus a large number of buyers will remain outside this provision of TDS. You can say that the provision is applicable on relatively big buyers.

2.From which Sellers to deduct TDS: –

TDS at the rate of 0.1% is to be deducted on the amount exceeding Rs. 50 lakhs in any one financial year from one seller from whom the buyer as mentioned has purchased goods worth more than Rs. 50 lakhs. We should Keep in mind here that this seller should be a resident of India i.e., resident as per the Income Tax provisions.

3. On which amount TDS is to be deducted: –

This TDS is to be deducted only on the amount above Rs 50.00 lakh in a financial year from one seller i.e., if the purchase is for Rs 67.00 lakh then the Buyer has to deduct TDS only on the amount above Rs 50 lakh i.e., on Rs 17.00 lakh. Keep in mind here that every year if TDS is to be deducted under this section, then for each seller, the buyer will have to deduct first Rs. 50 Lakhs then deduct TDS on remaining amount. This is one time seller wise deduction for each seller in every financial year.

For example, if a buyer buys goods from a particular seller worth Rs 70.00 lakh each 4 times, then in this way in a financial year, he bought a total of 280.00 lakhs, then now he has to deduct Rs 50.00 lakh from it and the TDS has to be deducted only on Rs.230.00.

Now one more thing to keep in mind that this limit of Rs 50 lakh is for one financial year for each seller, so now that this provision is applicable from 1st July 2021 then TDS you have to deduct only on purchases after 1st July 2021 but While ascertaining the limit of purchase Rs. 50.00 Lakhs , the purchases from April 1, 2021, the purchase will also have to be taken into account.

Examples 1: –

X & Co. has made purchase from Y & Co. from 1st April 2021 to 30th June for Rs 40 lakhs and now on 1st July 2021 another purchase has been made from the same seller for Rs 30 lakhs, so now out of 30 lakhs on this purchase TDS has to be deducted on Rs 20 lakh after deducting Rs 10 lakh. The limit of a financial year is Rs 50 lakh per seller, so X & Company has already purchased Rs 40 lakh out of this limit before June 30, so now only Rs 10 lakh is left out of the limit of Rs 50 lakh. The TDS has to be deducted on the purchases made on or after 1st. July 2021.

Example 2: –

X & Co. has made a purchase from Y & Co. from 1st April 2021 to 30th June for Rs 70 lakhs and now on 1st July 2021, another purchase has been made from the same c for Rs 30 lakhs, so now on this purchase for Rs 30 lakhs only. TDS is to be deducted. The limit of Rs. 50 lakh per seller is for a financial year and X & Co. has already exhausted this limit before 30th June.

Whether TDS is to be deducted while adding GST: –

The reason for this controversy that the TCS to be deducted under section 206 (C) (1H) where the Central Board of Direct Taxes had clarified that TCS is to be deducted only on the entire amount received including GST.

206 (C) (1H) is related to the sale of goods, but the calculation of TCS on it is purely on the basis of “payment receipt”, so there this clarification has been issued vide circular number 17/2020 dated 29 September 2020. That GST will be included while computing TCS.

But this is not the case with TDS under section 194Q, so there is a Board Circular 23/2017 dated 19 July 2017 regarding TDS in respect of services where it is said that “TDS should be deducted while leaving GST”. should be applicable. But keep in mind here that no such clarification has been issued with respect to the goods.

Explanation must be issued to end confusion and dispute If the intention of the government is something else, that is, it wants to deduct this TDS on the amount of GST as well, then Circular/instructions in this regard should be issued before July 1, 2021, so that this dispute also ends.

4. At what time TDS is to be deducted: –

If all the conditions given in this section 194Q are satisfied, then this TDS is to be deducted at the time when such amount is credited to the seller’s account  or paid to him, whichever is earlier i.e. when the buyer while entering the purchase of goods, the account of the Goods is debited and credited to the account of the seller, at that time TDS is to be deducted, but in this regard the payment has already been made to the seller in the form of advance, then TDS is to be deducted at the time of payment itself. . Understand this in simple words, if you have not paid the advance amount, then you have to deduct this TDS at the time of purchase of goods and if you have made advance payment then you have to deduct this TDS at the time of advance payment. Here you should keep in mind that this TDS is to be deducted at the time of giving advance and the balance amount while purchasing the goods.

5. What will be the rate of TDS :-

The rate of TDS will be 0.1% i.e., practically Rs.100 is to be deducted on Rs. 1.00 of eligible amount on which TDS is to be deducted.  Here is an example of Rs.1 lakh just for an estimate. The amount is to be calculated at the rate of 0.1% of the exact eligible amount. Let us try to understand with the help of some examples.

Example -1

For example, if the total purchase by the buyer in a financial year is 52,34,400.00 and all these purchases are made only after July 1, 2021, after deducting Rs 50 lakh, 2,34,400.00 is left, then the amount of TDS on this will be Rs 234.00.

Example-2: –

If a buyer has purchased goods worth Rs 70 lakh from his seller, then he has to deduct the first Rs 50.00 Lakh from it as initial deduction as mentioned in the section then deduct TDS on remaining Rs 20 lakh 0.1% Rs 2000.00 TDS.

TDS rate 5% for non-delivery of PAN number – Section 206AA

If the seller does not give his PAN number to the buyer, then this rate of TDS will be 5% instead of 0.1% which is normal rate of TDS under this section 194Q. You can imagine yourself that this is a rarest of the rare situation because at this time almost all the dealers have the PAN number and it is practically impossible to do business without PAN. But if a buyer does not have the seller’s PAN number, then the rate of this TDS will be 5 percent instead of 0.1%.

In the normal case, where the person whose TDS is to be deducted, there is a provision to deduct 20 percent TDS for not giving the PAN number, but under section 194Q, this rate will be 5 percent if the PAN number is not given. Here one should note that without PAN the rate of Tax is 20% in other cases but in case of Section 194Q the rate will be 5%.

Rate of TDS for Non-filers of ITR: – 206AB

A new category of “Specified Persons” whose TDS is to be deducted from 1st July 2021 has been mentioned under section 206AB for whom TDS is to be deducted at twice the regular rate or 5 percent, whichever is higher. These persons are categorized as the persons in whose case the TDS/TCS deducted from them from all the sources is high in but they are defaulters in filing their returns regularly. Here defaulters mean persons who are not filing their ITRs for continuous 2 years in spite of the fact that in each of both these 2 years the TDS/TCS deducted and/or collected is more than Rs.50000.00.

Let us try to understand this provision of higher deduction of TDS under section 206AB with the help of a case study on the date when the provision will be applicable i.e., on 1st. July 2021: –

X is a person whose TDS is to be deducted. During the Financial year ended on 31st March 2019 and 31st March 2020, in each year the TDS+TCS deducted/Collected from X was more than Rs.50000.00. Please note that for both the financial years the TDS/TCS should be more than Rs. 50000.00. If in one year out of these two the TDS/TCS is less than Rs. 50000.00 then there is no need to for searching whether X is filing his return or not since the provision of section 206AB are not applicable in that case.

Since for both the years the TDS/TCS figures are more than Rs. 50000.00 then we have to see whether X has filed his ITR for the year ending on 31/03/2019 or not. If he has filed then since the return of one year is field out of these two years then again, the provisions of section 206AB are not applicable but if the ITR for the year ending on 31/03/2019 is not filed by X then we have to see the ITR for the year ending on 31/03/2020. If this return is filed then also the provisions of section 206AB will not be applicable and the rate of TDS will be normal but the if the return for the year ending with 31/03/2020 was also not filed then section 206AB is applicable and the rate of TDS will be twice the rate applicable or 5% whichever is higher.

Now precisely we have to go for two previous years for which the date of filing of return under section 139(1) is expired. Since the date of filing of ITR for the financial year ending 31/03/2021 is not yet expired then we have to go for financial years ending with 31/03/2019 and 31/03/2020 and if for these two years the TDS/TCS is more than Rs. 50000.00 in each of these two years and the person has not filed his ITRs for both of these two years then the rate of TDS will be increased. If return for one year out of these two is filed then the TDS rate will be normal rate.

Let us in this provision, when will be related to the return of assessment year 2021-22 i.e., the year ending 31st March 2021, then remember that on the day the date prescribed under section 139(1) of this return expires then financial years ending with  31st March 2020 31st March 2021 will be considered  and the TDS/TCS deducted on these persons and ITRs filed for these two Financial Years will determine the rate of TDS for a  particular person and the year of 31st March 2019 will be omitted from this calculation at that point of time.

Since at present the date under section 139(1) is not expired year hence at present we have to consider the TDS/TCS and ITRs for the Financial Years 31/03/2019 and 31/03/2020.

Please note that for categorizing the “specified person” for higher rate of TDS the date under section 139(1) is the criteria only for selection of financial year taken for consideration but if returns for that financial years are filed after that date will also make the filer eligible for Normal rate of TDS.

The same provision will now be applicable on TDS of section 194Q as well and in these circumstances the tax rate will be 5% instead of 0.1%.

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